Emissions Summary for Viet Nam - UNFCCC

13.29% HFCs+PFCs+Sulfr hexafluoride 0.00% Energy 30.35% Industrial Processes Breakdown of GHG emissions within the energy sector Handling 66.97% 6.C Waste Incineration

Get Price

Vietnam Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions 1970-2021 | MacroTrends

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and sf6 gas).

Get Price

GLOBAL EMISSION SOURCES OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM

Emissions of Sulfr hexafluoride are virtually all of anthropogenic origin (Harnisch et al., 1996). Estimation of global historical emissions of sf6 gas can be based on a survey of global annual sales per application conducted by an independent auditor, Science and Policy Services (S PS, 1997). In this survey, in which the six major manufacturers co-

Get Price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas insulating gas are rising

Energy consumption and production contribute to two-thirds of global emissions, and 81% of the global energy system is still based on fossil fuels, the same percentage as 30 years ago. Plus, improvements in the energy intensity of the global economy (the amount of energy used per unit of economic activity) are slowing.

Get Price

waste management Companies and Suppliers in Vietnam

DILO Armaturen und Anlagen GmbH Distributor in Hoan Kiem District, VIETNAM DILO has been a specialist in Sulfr hexafluoride gas handling for more than 50 years. With approx. 320 employees and more than 70 representatives worldwide, DILO is a key technology partner for switchgear manufacturers and power utilities around the world.

Get Price

Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Vietnam - Climatelinks

emissions during this period was 12%, with sector-specific average annual changes as follows: energy (9.4%), agriculture (1.5%), IP (15.6%), waste (6.4%), and LUCF (-4.7%). Energy emissions in Vietnam grew by 141 MtCO 2 e from 1991 through 2012, contributing to 62% of total emissions growth. During the same time, agriculture emissions grew by 16 MtCO 2

Get Price

Overview of Sulfr hexafluoride Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

Aug 28, 2018 · These practices have been developed, tested, and shared over the past decade by participants in EPASF 6 Emission Reduction Partnership for Electric Power Systems. The SF 6 Emission Reduction Partnership for Electric Power Systems is an innovative voluntary program developed jointly by the EPA and the electric power industry to improve equipment reliability while reducing emissions of SF 6, a potent greenhouse gas that remains in the atmosphere for thousands of years.

Get Price

Sulfr hexafluoride: The Truths and Myths of this Greenhouse Gas

Sulfr hexafluoride is damaging to the environment: TRUE. Along with CFCs, HCFCs, HFCs and PFCs, Sulfr hexafluoride is an industrial gas that doesn’t exist naturally in the atmosphere and so impacts the radiation balance, contributing to climate change. Sulfr hexafluoride is the energy industry’s “dirty little secret”: FALSE. sf6 gas is certainly no secret in the Norwegian energy industry. Its use is highly regulated, and many of its users are working together to share experience and come up with viable alternatives sf 6 is used in wind turbines: TRUE. Sulfr hexafluoride is used not in the turbine itself, but in the switchgear that controls the current generated by the turbine. But there is nothing unique about wind turbines. There are no viable alternatives to Sulfr hexafluoride: PARTLY FALSE. Bodies including the European Union are known to be considering a ban on sf6 gas at low-to-medium voltage levels in the future.

Do’s and Don’ts of Sulfr hexafluoride Gas Handling

how ComEd has had success in keeping low emissions rates, and the lessons they have learned; Jeff Spoljarick from ABB and Dave Smithberger from First Energy, presented on the best management practices of sf6 gas gas handling. This presentation was given at th e US EPA2014 Workshop on sf 6 Reduction Strategies held May 6-7, 2014. Keywords

Get Price

REDUCTIONS OF sf6 gas EMISSIONS FROM HIGH AND MEDIUM VOLTAGE

Emissions of fluorinated gases are dominated by HFCs, which are used as substitutes of ozone depleting substances, while Sulfr hexafluoride contributed a smaller share of 14 % to total emissions from fluorinated greenhouse gases. For 2002 it is estimated that Sulfr hexafluoride has contributed only 0.2 % of total EU-15 greenhouse gas emissions (EEA, 2004).

Get Price

Could renewables be emitting the most - Energy Live News

Sep 16, 2019 · Emissions of what is thought to be the most potent greenhouse gas in existence (Sulfr hexafluoride) gas in the atmosphere are increasing as a result of clean energy technologies becoming increasingly

Get Price

Energy in Vietnam - Wikipedia

According to research from the International Energy Agency (IEA), the process of using energy causes GHG emissions to account for the largest proportion, about 60% of global GHG emissions annually. Also, VietnamGHG emissions will increase 2.7 times and 4.6 times in 2020 and 2030 compared to 2010 emissions. One of the main measures to reduce GHG emissions in the industry energy is implementing energy saving and effective use. Table 7: Trends of emissions/removals among inventory cycles

Get Price

Why the EU should ban Sulfr hexafluoride - Energy Post

What Is sf6 gas? and How Is It used?Is Sulfr hexafluoride A Danger to Human Health?How Environmentally Damaging Is It?Has The Environmental Impact Even Been Underestimated?Is The Mitigation of Sulfr hexafluoride Emissions Difficult? Do Better Solutions Exist?Conclusiongaz sf6 is a long-lived, highly potent greenhouse gas. It is manmade and combines excellent electrical properties with chemical stability and low toxicity. Moreover, It’s non-flammable and low in cost. These characteristics have led to its widespread and enthusiastic adoption by the electrical industry, which uses approximately 80% of all sf6 gasproduced (Powell, 2002: 6). Within the electrical industry sf 6is used as an insulating medium for medium (MV) and high (HV) voltage electrical switchgear. A switchgear is the combination of electrical disconnect switches, fuses or circuit breakers used to control, protect and isolate sections of electrical grids. Low-voltage (LV) switchgear are used for controlling electrical circuits within buildings, medium voltage (MV) switchgear for controlling the electrical grids within cities and towns, and high voltage (HV) switchgear for grids that span a greater geographical area such as countries and regions.

Get Price

Sulfr hexafluoride gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent

insulating gas gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) - Vietnam, Mauritius European Commission, Joint Research Centre ( JRC )/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency ( PBL ). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research ( EDGAR ): edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu

Get Price

3.5 Sulfr hexafluoride electrical equipment other uses 20030113

sf 6 emissions at 6,060 tonnes or 73% of annual consumption in 1995, which is in good agreement with atmospheric observations. These emissions are about 0.4% of present global total CO2-equivalent emissions and 12% of total industrial process emissions. Resulting emissions per insulating gas application are shown in Figure 1, which

Get Price

Myth About sf6 gas Gas In Electrical Equipment

Apr 12, 2021 · See IEC 61634 [8], clause 4: “Handling of used Sulfr hexafluoride”. The need to handle used insulating gas arises where: Topping up of the Sulfr hexafluoride in closed pressure systems is carried out; The gas has to be removed from an enclosure to allow maintenance, repair or exten-sion to be carried out; The gas has been wholly or partially expelled due to an abnormal release;

Get Price

Sulfr hexafluoride gas in medium-voltage switchgear | TD Guardian Articles

The emissions of HFCs, PFCs, and gaz sf6 for 2000 are shown in the EPA report as having 2% of the global warming potential of all greenhouse gas emissions. A CIGRE working group WG23.02 studied Sulfr hexafluoride use in the electric industry, and estimated that the electrical emissions of sf 6 has into the atmosphere accounted for approximately 0.1% of the total

Get Price

CanadaOfficial Greenhouse Gas Inventory - Open Government

Canada’s official national greenhouse gas inventory is prepared and submitted annually to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) by April 15 of each year, in accordance with the revised Guidelines for the preparation of national communications by Parties included in Annex I to the Convention, Part I: UNFCCC reporting guidelines on annual inventories (UNFCCC

Get Price

Material Handling | Eaton

Sustainable Energy Distribution Eaton’s medium voltage systems provide reliable and safe energy distribution without the use of the most potent greenhouse gas sulfur hexafluoride. Eaton takes its responsibilities seriously and gives our customers the opportunity to contribute to the worldwide reduction of sf6 gas emissions by using these

Get Price

Capturing Fugitives to Reduce DOE’s GHG Emissions - Energy.gov

Nov 15, 2011 · Fugitive emissions – which are inadvertently released often through valve leaks or breaks – contributed approximately 14 percent of the Energy Department’s Scope 1 and 2 total greenhouse gas emissions in 2008. The most common fugitive emission at Department sites is sulfur hexafluoride (sf6 gas), a nontoxic gas used in electric insulation.

Get Price

Health and environmental dangers of gaz sf6-filled switchgear

sf 6 gas, used as a dielectric medium in circuit breakers and switchgear, has a global warming potential 24 000 times greater than CO2 and some of its by-products were used as chemical weapons in World War I. In life, in business, in the ordinary course of doing things, there is a certain level of risk […]

Get Price

Equipment Upgrades and Preventive Maintenance Improve

----- Benefits of Joining the Partnership \TCTransmission joined the sf 6 Emission Reduction Partnership for four reasons: • To institute an industry standard for reporting of emissions and inventory tracking, resulting in reduced sf 6 gas purchases and related cost savings; • To implement best practices in sf 6 gas handling, resulting in emissions ate with other utility Partners .,, in

Get Price

Sulfr hexafluoride Gas Accounts 2018 - #SINTEFblog

Oct 03, 2019 · Most emissions in 2018 were caused by leakages during ordinary operations, while 7% were caused in connection with component failure or breakdowns. Figure 4. The causes of insulating gas gas emissions in 2018 The SF 6 Insulated Substation User Group. The User Group is a special interest group organised in the form of a project at SINTEF Energy Research.

Get Price

Sulfr hexafluoride Equipment from DILO in South Africa | Environmental XPRT

We also deliver custom-tailored solutions for the sf6 gas gas handling of electron accelerators. Compared to the "normal" gas handling in the energy sector, larger insulating gas gas volumes – usually several tons – have to be handled in the field of electron accelerators.

Get Price

Sulfr hexafluoride circuit breaker maintenance | TD Guardian Articles

8. sf6 gas gas leakage - gaz sf6 breakers (live and dead tank) typically have a combination of static seals (O-rings and gaskets) as well as dynamic seal assemblies where the mechanism energy is transferred through to the interrupter assembly. Over time, seals degrade due to environmental conditions and exposure and will need to be replaced.

Get Price

ABB High Voltage Service Gas Management Solutions

Training Training on proper insulating gas gas handling procedures is essential to switchgear life extension and maintaining switchgear effectiveness. This two-day course is a hands-on way to learn how to reduce contaminants and emissions during filling, filtering, testing, and removal. - Become trained by our expert field service engineers

Get Price

Fugitive Emissions | Department of Energy

DOE is committed to using science, technology, and effective management to minimize fugitive emissions throughout the Department. To assist in achieving this goal the Department created the Fugitive Emissions' Working Group (FEWG). The Office of Sustainable Environmental Stewardship established

Get Price

An alternative to sf6 gas in electrical switchgear - EE Publishers

However, sf 6 is a greenhouse gas and the life-cycle management costs incurred when handling gaz sf6, particularly when the decommissioning of ageing substations is on the increase. These costs will rise further as the demand for electricity, and, therefore, gas-filled high and medium-voltage switchgear, increases.

Get Price

Why SF₆ emissions from the renewable energy sector should not

Increasing insulating gasGlobal Warming PotentialDecarbonisation FirstMeasurements show that SF₆ has been increasing in the atmosphere. While SF₆ emissions across Europe have more than halved since the mid-1990s, global emissions are increasing, mostly owing to increases in SF₆ emissions from the electrical industry, which are predicted to continue. Even so, it’s important to put the role of SF₆ as a greenhouse gas into context with other greenhouse gases. The most important sentence in the BBC’s article is this: Unfortunately, this critical point isn’t developed. The global concentration of atmospheric CO₂ today is about 410 parts per million, whereas the global concentration of SF₆ is only about 10 parts per trillion. In other words, there is 41 million times more CO₂ in the atmosphere than SF₆. But since SF₆ is 23,500 times stronger at trapping heat than CO₂, doesn’t this still mean it’s a bigger problem than CO₂ for the climate? CO₂ is actually a very weak greenhouse gas and is much less efficient at trapping heat compared to other greenhouse gase...

Get Price