1. Introduction | Ministry for the Environment

Although insulating gas emissions have been assessed as relatively low at about 550 kg in New Zealand in 2006 1 (CRL Energy 2007), its 100-year global warming potential (GWP) is extremely high (1 kg is equivalent to 23,900 kg CO 2 emissions for inventory purposes).

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Climate change: Electrical industry'dirty secret' boosts

Sep 14, 2019 · "We are using a range of tools to make sure that companies limit their use of gaz sf6, a potent greenhouse gas, where this is in the interest of energy consumers," an Ofgem spokesperson told BBC News. "This includes funding innovation trials and rewarding companies to research and find alternatives, setting emissions targets, rewarding companies

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Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas sf6 gas are rising

Energy consumption and production contribute to two-thirds of global emissions, and 81% of the global energy system is still based on fossil fuels, the same percentage as 30 years ago. Plus, improvements in the energy intensity of the global economy (the amount of energy used per unit of economic activity) are slowing.

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Introduction Scope Category Bio-Diesel 1,194 0 0 0 FY2011

*Air New Zealand does not have emissions of sf6 gas, PFCs, or NF3. Emissions from HFCs have been excluded as de minimus (see exclusions table). 1. Actual figures from four main NZ ports (diesel only) and light vehicle fleet (diesel and petrol).

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(PDF) Methane Emissions from Dairy Cows Measured Using the

The CH4 emissions measured using the Sulfr hexafluoride tracer technique were similar to those using the chamber technique: 331 vs. 322 g of CH4/d per cow. ‡Dexcel, Private Bag, Hamilton, New Zealand

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GLOBAL EMISSION SOURCES OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM

only for a very minor share of 3%, and the new gases for about 1%. However, for particular countries the share in the national total may be quite different of course, depending on the presence of particular sources or not. Figure 1 Global total greenhouse gas emissions in 1990/1995 Global CO 2-eq. emissions 1990/1995 CO2 energy 64% CO2 other 6%

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New Zealandgreenhouse gas emissions | Stats NZ

New Zealand greenhouse gas emissions have been relatively unchanged since 2005. In 2018 New Zealand’s gross greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions were 78.9 million tonnes of CO 2-e, 24.0 percent higher than 1990 and 1.0 percent lower than 2017.

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New Zealand’s total greenhouse gas emissions by sector

New Zealand’s Greenhouse Gas Inventory is the official annual report of all anthropogenic (human induced) emissions and removals of greenhouse gases in New Zealand. The inventory measures New Zealand’s progress against obligations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol.

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Greenhouse gas emissions from energy use in New Zealand

This dataset presents trends in man-made emissions of major greenhouse gases and emissions by gas. Data refer to total emissions of CO2 (emissions from energy use and industrial processes, e.g. cement production), CH4 (methane emissions from solid waste, livestock, mining of hard coal and lignite, rice paddies, agriculture and leaks from natural gas pipelines), nitrous oxide (N2O

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New Zealandgreenhouse gas emissions – published April 2019

New Zealand’s share of global GHG emissions is small, but our gross emissions per person are high. New Zealand’s emissions mainly come from combustion of fossil fuels that emit CO 2 (carbon dioxide), and agriculture, which emits CH 4 (methane) and N 2 O (nitrous oxide).

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory Report - Meridian Energy

Meridian is New Zealandlargest electricity generator. The Meridian Energy Group of companies is made up of: • Meridian Energy Limited (the “Parent”) and • our subsidiaries (together the “Group”) and • the Group’s interest in partnerships and joint ventures. Meridian undertakes a variety of activities in the energy sector.

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Overview of sf6 gas Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

Aug 28, 2018 · The SF 6 Emission Reduction Partnership for Electric Power Systems is an innovative voluntary program developed jointly by the EPA and the electric power industry to improve equipment reliability while reducing emissions of SF 6, a potent greenhouse gas that remains in the atmosphere for thousands of years.

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Energy in New Zealand 2019 - Home | Ministry of Business

International energy prices play a key role in New Zealand’s energy system. Higher prices for commodities saw increased domestic petrol prices and greater coal exports. Other developments in New Zealand saw the Electricity Price Review (EPR) commissioned, and the establishment of the Interim Climate Change Committee (ICCC).

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New Zealand energy sector greenhouse gas emissions | Ministry

Emissions Data TablesEmissions from The Energy SectorWhy We Monitor EmissionsGuidance For Organisations to Estimate Their Greenhouse Gas EmissionsThese files contain the latest provisional estimates of greenhouse gas emissions from the energy sector in New Zealand. For official emissions data, refer to New Zealand’s Greenhouse Gas Inventory, available here: New ZealandGreenhouse Gas Inventory(external link). In addition to energy sector emissions, New Zealand’s Greenhouse Gas Inventory includes emissions from agriculture, industrial processes, solvent and other product use, waste and land use change and forestry. Quarterly electricity and liquid fuel emissions data tables[XLSX, 95 KB] Annual emissions data table[XLSX, 481 KB] Annual emission factors - Combustion - CO2[CSV, 4 KB] Annual emission factors - Combustion - Non-CO2[CSV, 4 KB] Annual emission factors - Electricity[CSV, 3 KB] Annual emission factors - Fugitive[CSV, 1 KB]

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Sulfr hexafluoride Emissions | insulating gas Recovery | Sulfr hexafluoride Maintance | Electricity

The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement between nations that came into force in 2005. It commits its parties by mandating country-by-country reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. Due to the chemical stability of SF 6 gas it has the potential to remain in the atmosphere for thousands of years.

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Evaluation of the greenfeed system for methane estimation

Ruminant methane (CH4) production contributes ~32% of New Zealand’s total greenhouse gases (GHG) and a reduction in emissions is required under the Kyoto Protocol. Under this agreement, New Zealand has pledged to either reduce, or take responsibility for the GHG emissions above those in 1990.

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NZbiggest greenhouse gas emitters and their - New Zealand

Jul 26, 2019 · For example, Z Energy reported just over 13m tonnes of emissions in 2018, but when Stuff asked BP for its New Zealand emissions, it reported just 4200 tonnes. BP was only counting the emissions

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Service - Sulfr hexafluoride – FAQ - WIKA New Zealand

Do you have any questions on SF 6 -Service? Answers can be found in our FAQ. WIKA – Your partner for pressure, temperature and level measurement.

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insulating gas gas in medium-voltage switchgear | TD Guardian Articles

sf6 gas is used extensively worldwide for low switching capacity switches. In these applications, Sulfr hexafluoride allows for extremely compact switching devices, sealed-for-life construction, and very low maintenance. Environmental issues In recent years, sf 6 has been widely discussed in the environmental arena. sf 6 is recognized as a very potent greenhouse gas.

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NZ Electricity Emissions | Ecotricity NZ

The following graph shows New Zealands greenhouse gas emissions change from 1990 to 2012 compared to other countries that are part of the Kyoto Protocol. This includes all gases, all industries and all land use changes. New Zealand emissions have increased 111% since 1990. Other countries that have exceeded New Zealands emissions growth include

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Essentials of gaz sf6 monitoring | TD Guardian Articles

Because sf6 gas has a global warming potential that is almost 24,000 times greater than CO2, it gets a lot of attention. And since the electric power industry is responsible for nearly 80% of the world’s usage, our industry has taken significant steps to reduce or eliminate the emissions from gas insulated switchgear.

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Sustainable Reduction of insulating gas Emission

• The new F-Gas-regulation has to be transferred into national regulations until January 1st, 2017 (Article 25) • Until July 1st, 2020, the Commission shall publish a report assessing if reliable alternatives exist, which will allow the replacement of F-Gases in new MV secondary switchgear (Article 21)

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Reducing Emissions in the New Zealand Heavy Vehicle Fleet

solutions for New Zealand industry sectors. Expertise and experience in the maintenance of electric vehicles is slowly built to support the growing vehicle base. Around 10% of the national heavy vehicle fleet is fully battery electric by 2050, but emissions from the New Zealand heavy transport sector have still increased.

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Scope Category FY2011 (Baseline) FY2011 v2* FY2016 FY2017

Table 1: Greenhouse gas emissions inventory summary for Air New Zealand 2020 Note: In 2019, New Zealand Ministry for the Environment released a new set of greenhouse gas emissions factors for organisational reporting, including for the first time an emissions factor for aviation fuel.

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Transitioning to zero net emissions by 2050: moving to a very

Prepared for the New Zealand Productivity Commission Transitioning to zero net emissions by 2050: moving to a very low-emissions electricity system in New Zealand Toby Stevenson, Dr Stephen Batstone, David Reeve, Matt Poynton, Corina Comendant 27 April 2018

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Comparison of Life Cycle Carbon Dioxide Emissions and

In order to make the best choice between renewable energy technologies, it is important to be able to compare these technologies on the basis of their sustainability, which may include a variety of social, environmental, and economic indicators. This study examined the comparative sustainability of four renewable electricity technologies in terms of their life cycle CO2 emissions and embodied

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sf 6 alternatives, alternative Gases as insulating gas substitute

Agreements and regulations such as the Kyoto protocol, the EU F-gas regulation and the Paris climate protection treaty of 2015 have one global goal in common: the reduction of F-gas emissions. Industry has implemented these requirements and several switchgear manufacturers now offer the first eco-efficient solutions with Alternative Gases after

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Land Transport Rule Vehicle Exhaust Emissions 2007

or modify emissions control equipment on a vehicle in such a way as to make the emissions worse. It will also help enable new policies to be developed which will target the emissions of the in-service fleet. Vehicles operated solely by the New Zealand Defence Force, however, are allowed to be fitted with a device to override the exhaust emissions

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CSIRO PUBLISHING | Animal Production Science

This review examines research aimed at reducing enteric methane emissions from the Australian dairy industry. Calorimeter measurements of 220 forage-fed cows indicate an average methane yield of 21.1 g methane (CH4)/kg dry matter intake. Adoption of this empirical methane yield, rather than the equation currently used in the Australian greenhouse gas inventory, would reduce the methane

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Modular Switchgear Monitoring (MSM)

Modular Switchgear Monitoring (MSM) is an add-on system to supervise, manage and analyze performance of high-voltage switchgear like dead tank breakers (DTB), live tank breakers (LTB), gas-insulated switchgear (GIS) and Plug and Switch System (PASS) hybrid switchgear.

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